Install Citrix XenDesktop 7.6 Server VDA from the Command Line

This is the second post of a series about how to install basic infrastructure components. This was the first one: Install Citrix StoreFront 3.0.1 from the Command Line.
Today I want to share some details of installing a Citrix XenDesktop 7.6 Server VDA from the command line. At the end you will find (as usual) a PowerShell script that does the job for me (and hopefully for you too).

Now let´s get started…

Prerequisites

Before we can install the VDA component on a Windows Server 2012 R2 system (you can do it also on 2008 R2 if you want, but then you have to tweak a little bit with the Windows Features) we need to take care of the prerequisites. Usually the installation with the GUI takes care of missing prerequisites.
Today we will do it on our own because you now, I am a control-freak and don´t want to do installers what they want to do without my permission 😉

Visual C++ Redistributables
You need Microsoft Visual C++ 2008, 2010 and 2013 Runtimes (32-bit and 64-bit) on your VDA. In detail this means the installer is searching for the following versions:

  • MS_VCPP_2008_redist_9.0.30729.4148_x64
  • MS_VCPP_2010_redist_10.0.30319_x64
  • MS_VCPP_2010_redist_10.0.30319_x86
  • MS_VCPP_2013_redist_12.0.21005_x86
  • MS_VCPP_2013_redist_12.0.2100_x64

See the screenshot below, it shows the necessary versions. The other redistributables are installed through Windows Update.

1_vda

.NET Framework
You also need Microsoft .NET Framework 4.5.1 (4.5.2 and 4.6 are also supported) on the system. If you have run Windows Update on the server and have installed everything you could it should be fine.

Microsoft Media Foundation
You need to activate Media Foundation before you install the Citrix VDA in order to support features such as HDX MediaStream Windows Media Redirection. Luckily Media Foundation is enabled during the installation of the Windows-Feature “Desktop Experience”. Look at the documentation at docs.citrix.com for further information.

Services
Please be aware of the fact that the Print Spooler Service needs to be running because otherwise setup of the VDA will fail. I have seen some high secure environments where the Spooler Service was deactivated in the base operating system image.

Windows-Features
In order to install the needed Windows-Features we open PowerShell and run the commands below:

# Windows-Feature Desktop-Experience
Write-Host "Installing Roles and Features" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
Add-WindowsFeature Desktop-Experience
            
# Windows-Feature Remote Desktop Services Host
Write-Host "Installing RDS-RD-Server" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
Add-WindowsFeature RDS-RD-Server

# Windows-Feature Remote Assistance
Write-Host "Installing Remote-Assistance" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
Add-WindowsFeature Remote-Assistance

We need to reboot the server because Desktop-Experience and RDS-RD-Server need a reboot.

The following two Windows-Features are optional:

        
# Windows-Feature XPS Viewer
Write-Host "Installing XPS-Viewer" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
Add-WindowsFeature XPS-Viewer

# Windows-Feature Windows Search Service
Write-Host "Installing Search-Service" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
Add-WindowsFeature Search-Service

Install Visual C++ Redistributables
Now we will install the C++ Redistributables. This could be done like this:

# MS_VCPP_2008_redist_9.0.30729.4148_x64
Write-Host "MS_VCPP_2008_redist_9.0.30729.4148_x86" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
start-process -FilePath "$labsources\XenDesktop_76\VDA\VcRedist_2008_SP1\vcredist_x64.exe" -ArgumentList "/Q" -Wait

# MS_VCPP_2010_redist_10.0.30319_x64
Write-Host "MS_VCPP_2008_redist_10.0.30319_x64" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
start-process -FilePath "$labsources\XenDesktop_76\VDA\VcRedist_2010_RTM\vcredist_x64.exe" -ArgumentList "/Q" -Wait
           
# MS_VCPP_2010_redist_10.0.30319_x86
Write-Host "MS_VCPP_2010_redist_10.0.30319_x86" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
start-process -FilePath "$labsources\XenDesktop_76\VDA\VcRedist_2010_RTM\vcredist_x86.exe" -ArgumentList "/Q" -Wait

# MS_VCPP_2013_redist_12.0.21005_x86
Write-Host "MS_VCPP_2012_redist_12.0.2100_x86" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
start-process -FilePath "$labsources\XenDesktop_76\VDA\VcRedist_2013_RTM\vcredist_x64.exe" -ArgumentList "/Q" -Wait

# MS_VCPP_2013_redist_12.0.2100_x64
Write-Host "MS_VCPP_2012_redist_12.0.2100_x64" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
start-process -FilePath "$labsources\XenDesktop_76\VDA\VcRedist_2013_RTM\vcredist_x86.exe" -ArgumentList "/Q" -Wait

Check Printer Spooler
We move on with configuring the Printer Spooler. If you are sure he is running skip this step.

# http://docs.citrix.com/en-us/xenapp-and-xendesktop/7-6/xad-build-new-enviroment/xad-install-prepare.html
# VDA won´t install if Printer Spooler is not running
set-service -Name "Spooler" -StartupType Automatic -PassThru | Start-service

VDA Installation

Now that all prerequisites are met we can go on with the installation.You can choose from many commandline options to install a VDA. This is a list of them for your reference:

  • /COMPONENTS VDA, PLUGINS
  • /EXCLUDE excludes a package from installation
  • /HELP, /H, /? Shows this dialog
  • /NOREBOOT Suppress reboot after installation (if needed)
  • /PASSIVE, /QUIET Do not show UI during  installation
  • /BASEIMAGE Enables Personal vDisk support
  • /XA_SERVER_LOCATION XenApp Server address for Citrix Receiver
  • /CONTROLLERS List of controllers to register with (FQDNs)
  • /SITE_GUID XenServer site GUID in AD
  • /HDXFLASHV2ONLY Prevents installation of Flash Redirection legacy binaries for enhanced security
  • /ENABLE_HDX_3D_PRO Installs HDX 3D Pro Virtual Desktop Agent
  • /KEY_FILE Location of the key file for installing HDX 3D Pro
  • /ENABLE_HDX_PORTS Open up HDX ports in Windows firewall (if enabled)
  • /ENABLE_REAL_TIME_TRANSPORT Opens UDP ports 16500 – 16509 to enable HDX Real-time Transport for Audio in Windows Firewall (if enabled)
  • /ENABLE_REMOTE_ASSISTANCE Enable Remote Assistance
  • /OPTIMIZE Set up registry for faster VDA operation
  • /PORTNUMBER Port number to use for VDA <-> controller communication
  • /REMOVE Remove components (instead of installing)
  • /RECONFIGURE Perform VDA reconfiguration
  • /MASTERIMAGE Set up the VDA as a Master Image

I like it simple therefore this is everything I am doing to install the VDA today:

# Install Citrix XenDesktop 7.6.300.7020 VDA
Write-Host "Part 02 - Installing XenDesktop VDA" -ForegroundColor Green
start-process -FilePath "$labsources\XenDesktop_76\VDA\VDAServerSetup_7.6.300.exe" -ArgumentList "/noreboot /quiet /components VDA" -Wait 

Additionally you can install Citrix Receiver if you need it. I have added a command as example. All command line options can be found here.

# Install Receiver 14.3.100.10
Write-Host "Part 02 - Installing Receiver 14.3.100.10" -ForegroundColor Green
start-process -FilePath "$labsources\XenDesktop_76\VDA\CitrixReceiver.exe" -ArgumentList "/noreboot /silent /includeSSON /ADDLOCAL=ReceiverInside,ICA_Client,WebHelper,SSON,AM,USB,DesktopViewer,Flash ALLOWADDSTORE=N" -Wait

Script

Here ist the complete script to install a VDA from the Command Line. I haven´t inserted a reboot handling in it, so you have to take care of the reboots on your own. It is only meant to give you an idea of what needs to be done to install the VDA in that way.

<#
.SYNOPSIS
	This Script installs a Citrix XenDesktop 7.6 Server VDA.
.DESCRIPTION
    The following components are installed:
    - Microsoft Visual C++ 2008, 2010 and 2013 Redistributables
    - necessary Roles and Features
    - XenDesktop Server VDA 7.6.300.7020
    - Receiver 14.3.100.10
    - no further customization in this script
.PARAMETER
.NOTES
    This script was tested on Windows Server 2012 R2
.LINK
	http://www.RISConsulting.de
.AUTHOR
    Sinisa Sokolic
.Date
    2015-10-19
#>

# Script Variables
$labsources = "\\FILESERVER\SHARE"

Write-Host "Install: Citrix XenDesktop 7.6.300 VDA" -ForegroundColor Green

# Part 01 - Prerequisites
Write-Host "Part 01 - Installing Prerequisites..." -ForegroundColor Green

# MS_VCPP_2008_redist_9.0.30729.4148_x64
Write-Host "MS_VCPP_2008_redist_9.0.30729.4148_x86" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
start-process -FilePath "$labsources\XenDesktop_76\VDA\VcRedist_2008_SP1\vcredist_x64.exe" -ArgumentList "/Q" -Wait

# MS_VCPP_2010_redist_10.0.30319_x64
Write-Host "MS_VCPP_2008_redist_10.0.30319_x64" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
start-process -FilePath "$labsources\XenDesktop_76\VDA\VcRedist_2010_RTM\vcredist_x64.exe" -ArgumentList "/Q" -Wait
           
# MS_VCPP_2010_redist_10.0.30319_x86
Write-Host "MS_VCPP_2010_redist_10.0.30319_x86" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
start-process -FilePath "$labsources\XenDesktop_76\VDA\VcRedist_2010_RTM\vcredist_x86.exe" -ArgumentList "/Q" -Wait

# MS_VCPP_2013_redist_12.0.21005_x86
Write-Host "MS_VCPP_2012_redist_12.0.2100_x86" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
start-process -FilePath "$labsources\XenDesktop_76\VDA\VcRedist_2013_RTM\vcredist_x64.exe" -ArgumentList "/Q" -Wait

# MS_VCPP_2013_redist_12.0.2100_x64
Write-Host "MS_VCPP_2012_redist_12.0.2100_x64" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
start-process -FilePath "$labsources\XenDesktop_76\VDA\VcRedist_2013_RTM\vcredist_x86.exe" -ArgumentList "/Q" -Wait

Write-Host "Installing Roles and Features" -ForegroundColor Green
# Windows Feature Desktop Experience
Write-Host "Installing Desktop-Experience" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
Add-WindowsFeature Desktop-Experience
            
# Windows Feature Remote Desktop Services Host
Write-Host "Installing RDS-RD-Server" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
Add-WindowsFeature RDS-RD-Server

# Windows Feature Remote Assistance
Write-Host "Installing Remote-Assistance" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
Add-WindowsFeature Remote-Assistance
            
# Windows Feature XPS Viewer
Write-Host "Installing XPS-Viewer" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
Add-WindowsFeature XPS-Viewer

# Windows Feature Windows Search Service
Write-Host "Installing Search-Service" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
Add-WindowsFeature Search-Service

# Check Printer Spooler
# http://docs.citrix.com/en-us/xenapp-and-xendesktop/7-6/xad-build-new-enviroment/xad-install-prepare.html
# VDA won´t install if Printer Spooler is not running
set-service -Name "Spooler" -StartupType Automatic -PassThru | Start-service

########################################################
# Please reboot the server before moving further....
########################################################

Write-Host "Finished Installing Prerequisites..." -ForegroundColor Green

# Part 02 - Citrix
Write-Host "Part 02 - Installing Software..." -ForegroundColor Green
            
# Install Citrix XenDesktop/XenApp 7.6.300.7020 VDA
Write-Host "Part 02 - Installing XenDesktop/XenApp VDA" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
start-process -FilePath "$labsources\XenDesktop_76\VDA\VDAServerSetup_7.6.300.exe" -ArgumentList "/noreboot /quiet /components VDA" -Wait 
            
# Install Receiver 14.3.100.10
Write-Host "Part 02 - Installing Receiver 14.3.100.10" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
start-process -FilePath "$labsources\XenDesktop_76\VDA\CitrixReceiver.exe" -ArgumentList "/noreboot /silent /includeSSON /ADDLOCAL=ReceiverInside,ICA_Client,WebHelper,SSON,AM,USB,DesktopViewer,Flash ALLOWADDSTORE=N" -Wait

# Wait 10 seconds to see errors if the occured
start-sleep -Seconds 10

# Reboot system
Write-Host -ForegroundColor Green “Rebooting System..."
Restart-Computer -ComputerName $env:COMPUTERNAME

I hope this is useful for you.

All information without warranty.

Cheers,
Sinisa

By | 2016-10-30T20:12:42+00:00 October 27th, 2015|Technical Stuff|1 Comment

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  1. […] was the first one: Install Citrix StoreFront 3.0.1 from the Command Line. The second one is here: http://www.sinisasokolic.com/install-citrix-xendesktop-7-6-server-vda-from-the-command-line/. Because we need a Controller for our infrastructure to work correctly it is crucial to have it in […]

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